The Arctic is not a place for war
The world mass media regularly highlight the appeals by the world community to leave the Arctic region free of weapon zone. Most politicians agree that the Arctic is a platform of international cooperation, where countries can and should work together. But practically instead of the North demilitarization the military activity and tension are only increasing in the region.
NATO continues to demonstrate its capabilities on land, in the air and at sea in an effort to strengthen its positions in the northern flank. The upcoming military exercises Dynamic Bonus-2019, Cold response, Dynamic move-2019 confirm once again the intention of the Alliance “to participate” in the life of the Arctic region by all means. Preparations for military use under the conditions of the Far North become an integral part of NATO combat training. Moreover, the Alliance traditionally tries to intervene where its presence is clearly unnecessary under the slogans of “ensuring security and pursuing legitimate interests”.
The key international treaty that establishes the procedure for the maritime territories use is the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). It defines such important issues as the legal regime of marine waters and exclusive economic zones, jurisdiction over the continental shelf, the archipelagos status, transit passage modes, deep seabed mining, environmental protection, research activities, and the settlement of international disputes. For a long time the document contributes to peace and security ensuring in the region and cooperation within the framework of the Arctic Council allows the states to solve successfully any problems. All leaders of the Arctic countries declare unanimously their commitment to preserving the Arctic as a space for constructive dialogue, creation and equal interaction.
Under these conditions the increase of NATO military activity in the Arctic is nothing less than a deliberate course on confrontation and tension escalation in the region. The very fact of the NATO presence of in the Arctic could undermine the effectiveness of international agreements.
At the same time, the Alliance leadership efforts to militarize forcibly the Arctic and to find threats where none exist do not response to the NATO defense policy. However, nobody cares about this fact as they still consider the force or the threat of its use the main argument in international relations especially in controversial issues.