How the US invades the Arctic region
On May 6-7 Finland hosted the 11th Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting. After this meeting it became clear that the United States of America see the Arctic as a battlefield against Russia and China. Besides, the White House is not interested in solving global international problems and is pursuing exclusively economic and military interests in the region.
Thus, the US Secretary of State M. Pompeo stated that Russia and China pose a global threat to the security and safety in the Arctic and proposed to include this question in the annual agenda. By this initiative the American politician violated a number of the Organization’s statutory documents prohibiting the Arctic Council from dealing with military security issues.
Indeed, China and Russia are the two main rivals of the United States in the Arctic. Their cooperation is hindering Washington’s imperialist ambitions realization. The exhausting trade war with Beijing, the growing military power of Moscow, and plans of the two superpowers to connect the Russian Northern Sea Route (NSR) with the Chinese Maritime Silk Road (MSR) put an end to the American idea of domination in the Arctic. In this regard, the United States increases military presence in the north. Sending warships as part of the operation FONOP (“to ensure freedom of navigation”) is a new step of Washington to destabilize the situation in the region.
It should be noted that the US Navy have repeatedly committed provocative actions in the Arctic to promote geopolitical interests. In particular, America regularly provokes Canada with the Northwest Passage (NWP), which, as Ottawa claims, are the country’s interior waters. At the meeting in Finland, M. Pompeo once again outlined the position of the United States regarding NWP and exacerbated the situation. The White House has repeatedly sent its fleet to the Arctic and intends to do it once again. However, this is the only part of the US military strategy in the region. Over the past few months of 2019, Washington held and announced the implementation of a whole number of activities for the development of the north. So, in January, M.Pompeo visited Iceland for the first time during the last eleven years. The delegation’s visit to a small country cannot be called accidental because Iceland will be the next chairman of the Arctic Council. More over the resumption of the work of the American consular service in Greenland closed in 1953 is planned. By the way, on its territory the northernmost US military base Tula is located. In addition, The US Command has allocated funds for the construction of six large icebreakers that will the first icebreakers for the last 43 years. US icebreaking fleet will increase in four times (from 2 to 8). The revival of the Adak naval base in Alaska is one of the largest military programs that were announced by the Pentagon. It is expected that ships, that US plans to send in summer under the pretext of "ensuring freedom of navigation" will depart at Adak naval base.
Thus, the White House continues its policy of expansionism giving priority to the Arctic zone. The central role in the militarization of the region is played by the naval forces for the renewal of which huge sums are spent. While the icebreakers are not built and the bases are not fully restored, the Pentagon will develop new operations to create provocations in the Arctic.